This site was initially developed for Workshop Houston's Summer 2012 Program as a component of the course "The Science of Nutrition".

Nutrition 102: "Nutrition, Disease, and Prevention"

Nutrition 102
Eating for Good Health and Longevity

Lecture 2: Nutrition, Disease, and Prevention 

Terms to Know 

1)  Nutrition- the sum of the processes by which an animal or plant takes in and uses food substances.

2)  Disease- an imbalanced state or condition of health.

3)  Prevention- proactive measures, behaviors, and lifestyle changes that are implemented consistently in an effort to stop the onset and progression of disease.

4)  Diabetes- a chronic metabolic disorder in which the body's ability to produce insulin or to utilize glucose is altered; 6% of Americans have it with 1 million new cases every year;the seventh leading cause of death in the U.S.; Type 1 is "insulin-dependent" and Type 2 is adult-onset or "non-insulin-dependent"; damages kidneys, heart, nerves, eyes, and circulatory system.

5)  Hypertension- blood pressure greater than or equal to 140/90 mm Hg at rest; if sustained for a significant period of time, hypertension will likely induce cardiovascular or end-organ damage; affects over 40% of African-Americans; usually has no symptoms and is referred to often as the "silent killer".

6)  Atherosclerosis- a degenerative disease of the blood vessels characterized by the presence of atheromas (fatty deposits in blood vessels) and often leading to calcification (hardening) of the vessel wall.

7)  Obesity- the condition of subcutaneous fat exceeding the amount of lean body mass; a BMI calculation of 30 or higher; 1/3 of all U.S. adults are obese; 15% of all U.S. children over the age of 6 are obese; obesity causes a wide variety of chronic diseases including emotional difficulties.

8)  Immunity- the body's ability to fight off disease and foreign invaders.

9)  Cancer- any of various types of malignant neoplasms, most of which invade surrounding tissues, may metastasize to several sites, and are likely to recur after attempted removal and to cause death of the patient unless adequately treated; the second leading cause of death in the United States with over 500,000 deaths annually.

*Source: NASM Essentials of Personal Fitness Training (2008). Clark, Lucett, and Corn.

Pottengers' Cats

Video:  Standard Deviants Human Nutrition Program 11: "Nutrition and Disease Prevention

U.S. Disease Statistics:

Obesity- 35.7% of all U.S. adults and 17% of youth aged 2-19 are obese

Diabetes- 8.3%, or 25.8 million people, in the U.S. have diabetes

Hypertension- 33% of U.S. adults, or about 68 million people, have high blood pressure

Atherosclerosis (Heart Disease)- is the leading killer of both adult men and women in the U.S. accounting for 26% of all deaths

Cancer- the second-leading cause of death claiming over half a million lives annually (approx. 25%)

Interesting Fact: According to the Center for Disease Control, the #1 killer of teens is reckless and distracted driving. Car crashes claim the lives of 3,000 teenagers every year (about 8 per day). Read more:

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